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Individuals or firms trading equity (stock) on the stock markets as their principal capacity are called stock
traders. Stock traders usually try to profit from short-term price volatility with trades lasting anywhere from
several seconds to several weeks.
The stock trader is usually a professional. Persons can call themselves full or part-time stock
traders/investors while maintaining other professions. When a stock trader/investor has clients, and acts as a
money manager or adviser with the intention of adding value to their clients finances, he is also called a
financial advisor or manager. In this case, the financial manager could be an independent professional or a large
bank corporation employee. This may include managers dealing with investment funds, hedge funds, mutual funds, and
pension funds, or other professionals in equity investment, fund management, and wealth management. These wealthy
and powerful organized investors, are sometimes referred to as institutional investors. Several different types of
stock trading exist including day trading, trend following, market making, scalping (trading), momentum trading,
trading the news, and arbitrage.
what you dont want to happen to you !
Remember "TREND IS YOUR FRIEND" in this trend below, it would be a short or put position. This is an
example of analysts telling you to buy, ya right...
A stock exchange is an entity that provides services for stock brokers and traders to trade stocks, bonds, and
other securities. Stock exchanges also provide facilities for issue and redemption of securities and other
financial instruments, and capital events including the payment of income and dividends. Securities traded on a
stock exchange include shares issued by companies, unit trusts, derivatives, pooled investment products and
To be able to trade a security on a certain stock exchange, it must be listed there. Usually, there is a central
location at least for record keeping, but trade is increasingly less linked to such a physical place, as modern
markets are electronic networks, which gives them advantages of increased speed and reduced cost of transactions.
Trade on an exchange is by members only.
The initial offering of stocks and bonds to investors is by definition done in the primary market and subsequent
trading is done in the secondary market. A stock exchange is often the most important component of a stock market.
Supply and demand in stock markets is driven by various factors that, as in all free markets, affect the price of
stocks (see stock valuation).
There is usually no compulsion to issue stock via the stock exchange itself, nor must stock be subsequently
traded on the exchange. Such trading is said to be off exchange or over-the-counter. This is the usual way that
derivatives and bonds are traded. Increasingly, stock exchanges are part of a global market for securities.